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What are the best moss substrate for tortoise?

It is easy to get uncertainty and confuse when it comes to choosing the best tortoise substrate especially if you are inexperience keepers. Knowing exactly which substrate is suit your tortoise not only reduce your concerns but also ensure your tortoise can live a long happy live in their terrarium.

I would like to recommend moss of the best tortoise substrate that you should consider. Moss is an all-natural compound that is popular for tortoises. However, you will not get the messy, low quality moss for your pet. This is why I have listed here top 5 moss substrates products, which are  all natural and grown in specific environments.

#1 Zoo Med Terrarium Moss

When it comes to best moss substrate for reptiles, there are not many products can be scored higher this one from Zoo Med. Zoo Med is the well know reliable brands for providing reptiles products. This moss substrate is completely natural and perfect for the tortoise that prefer to live in wetland environment.

It is also great to place in the bottom of humidifying shelters. You can expect that you can get the good amount of moss within the reasonable price. It available in 5 sizes from 5 gallons to 20 gallons. This all natural “green” product is guaranteed to be free of dyes. It is a good substrate if you want to create a high humidity cage. It also makes an excellent bedding for laying egg and incubation for tortoise.

#2 Exo Terra Forest Plume Moss, 7 Quarts, 2-Pack

It can be notable omission if there are no Exo Terra Forest Plume Moss on this list. If you have no ideal about good substrate, you cannot go the wrong way with Exo Terra. This product is completely natural forest moss, which will ensure that your pet will not being touch with dyes or chemicals.

If you want to increase the humidity level of the cage, you should go with this one. As long as you regular misting, this extremely absorbent bedding can create the high moisture environment for your tortoise.

It will mimic the environment surrounding of tortoise from the wild as it is 100% naturally grown moss from Asia. You can get the good amount of it when you soak it in the water. Therefore, this is the economical option that can last for a long period of time.

#3 Zoo Med 3 Pack of New Zealand Sphagnum Moss, 0.33 Pounds Each

If you are looking for higher quality moss product, you can consider this one. This is one of the top ideal substrate for tortoise as it is environment friendly. It is reusable, you just need to wash it with clean water so this bedding can be used for multiple times.

You can be surprise due to its absorbent ability, this one can hold more water than any other type of moss. This moss substrate can hold moisture up to 20 times its dry weight. After use it for tortoise substrate, it can be used for grow plants as well. However, this high-grade moss is imported from New Zealand, this is why making it very expensive.

#4 Galápagos Terrarium Sphagnum Moss

its texture is long fiber and leafy green sphagnum moss. Baby tortoise will prefer to spend most of their time inside shelter place and this is the ideal bedding for the shelter. It has the excellent capacity for moisture absorption and humidity.

Apart from high absorption, it’s also good at absorbing odor, what make it very popular among many tortoise owners and has been received thousand positive feedback from users. It is also reusable as you just need to submerge it in clean water and dry it thoroughly.

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How to measure your hands for horse riding gloves?

Buying any products in the internet is very risky, especially if you have no idea about the size of it. You will not want to buy the one that too small for your hand to wear or too big that cannot be kept in place.

While you don’t need your everyday gloves to fit you properly it’s vital that your horse riding gloves do so you need to make sure you get the right size. There are some ways that you can assess the fitting of your best riding gloves.


#1 Half-inch increments

Manufacturers use two ways to measure sizes and one of them is half-inch increments. Basically, the size of the gloves increases in an increment of half inches. In order to check the size, you should measure your hand’s girth without the thumb.

Measure around the knuckles on your dominant hand, this measurement should be done in inches and rounded up to the nearest half-inch. For example, if your hand is 6.5 then you’d round it up to 7.

#2 Universal sizing

When it comes to universal sizing, there are some ranges are defined. The range of sizing is then put in a size chart, usually between XXS and XXL. You can understand that: S = small, M = medium, and L = large. you’ll need to check the manufacturer’s sizing chart to see which size matches the measurement of your hand.

#3 How to measure your hands?

These two schemes require that you measure your hands in inches. To do so, you can wrap a fabric measure tape around your knuckles and except the thumb and measure the inches. Then, the measurement to the nearest half-inch. If your hands are 6.5 – 7 inches, your hand is S size, 7.5 – 8 inches is M size and 8.5 – 9 inches is L size.


#4 Can I use the size of my current gloves

I can be the great ideal to look at the size of your current gloves to choose the size for the new one. However, this won’t always work. This is because the sizes might differ between particular brands or even models.

In order to get the right gloves, you need to measure your hands. If the gloves are not properly fit your hands because of wrongly chosen size, it may hinder your ride and proper feeling of the reins.

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What type of toys should I give my rat?

It is absolutely essential to provide best rat toys in your rat’s cage. Toys are not only for entertainment, enrich the environment of your pet rat, they also help keep your rats be active, stimulate mental for optimal health.

However, did you know what are the different types of toys you should place in their cage? I have listed here some type of rat toys that should be given.

#1 Tunnels

Rats love tunnels. Some rats love running through them, while others prefer to stay hidden inside them. If you go check out your local pet store, you will find that there are some material that make up tunnels for rats.

Tunnels made of hardened plastic or PVC can be placed in the cage or hung by stainless steel wire hangers. You also can handmade tunnels for your pets by long cardboard boxes or tubes or wood. If your rats prefer to sleep in the tunnel, you should give them one that have fleece interiors. Be sure to select pipe with a large enough diameter to prevent the rodent from becoming stuck in the pipe.

#2 Exercise wheels

Your rat were stuck in a cage all day, so they require exercise to be healthy. Provide activity wheels an excellent way for a rodent to exercise. However, there is a thing to remember that do not choose the wheel with wire bar spacing. It is better to choose the flat surface wheels, which cannot trap the rat’s feet or tail. Rats generally require a wheel 11 inches in diameter.

#3 Climbing toys

With climbing toys, you should look for toys which are going to challenge your rat and which can be attached to multiple surfaces. Hanging toys are great as your rat has to figure out how to get up to them.

Ladders, ropes, branches, tubes, hammocks, stacked boxes, etc are some items that can encourage your rat to do climbing activities. These can be attached to the top and sides of the cage to greatly increase the amount of play area in a cage.

#4 Chewing toys

Your pet rat’s teeth growing during their entire life, so they need somethings to chew and wear down their teeth. Chewing toy is necessary for their dental health. Good chew toys for rats and mice include rawhide chews, wood (make sure that the wood is safe, with no preservatives), and cardboard chew toys.